I & I: An African Allegory

  • I & I: An African Allegory
Genre : Drama
Type : Film essay
Original title :
Principal country concerned : Column : Cinema/tv
Year of production : 1979
Format : Mid-length
Running time : 32 (in minutes)

Weaving experimental, dramatic and documentary styles, Ben Caldwell's I & I is a moving meditation on reciprocity.

A veteran of the Vietnam war Caldwell's I & I: An African Allegory looks to ancient history and culture to explore the past unity between people brutally ruptured by the legacy of slavery, conflict and war. With this visually striking and immersive film Caldwell sought to change the dominant rhythm of cinema and express anger at the violent separation between people. As Caldwell has stated ‘to me films needed to be infused with what has been called ‘soul' in music.'

Director, Producer, Writer, Cinematographer and Editor : Ben Caldwell

USA, 1979, 16mm, colour, 32 min

Pamela Jones, Al Cowart, Marcia Bullock, Pearl Collins, Byron Simmons

Preservation funded in part by a grant from the National Film Preservation Foundation

Available for research at UCLA


  • Arterial network
  • Media, Sports and Entertainment Group (MSE)
  • Gens de la Caraïbe
  • Groupe 30 Afrique
  • Alliance Française VANUATU
  • Zimbabwe : Culture Fund Of Zimbabwe Trust
  • RDC : Groupe TACCEMS
  • Rwanda : Positive Production
  • Togo : Kadam Kadam
  • Niger : ONG Culture Art Humanité
  • Collectif 2004 Images
  • Africultures Burkina-Faso
  • Bénincultures / Editions Plurielles
  • Africiné
  • Afrilivres

With the support of