South Africa Teacher, lawyer, President, Politician and filmmaker.
Teacher, lawyer, President and National Chairperson of the ANC.
First name: Oliver
Middle name: Reginald, Kaizana
Last name: Tambo
Date of birth: 27 October 1917
Location of birth: Nkantolo, Bizana, Mpondoland, Eastern Cape, South Africa
Date of death: 24 April 1993
Location of death: Johannesburg
Oliver Reginald Kaizana Tambo (OR) was born in the village of Kantilla, Bizana, in the Mpondoland (eQawukeni), region of the Eastern Cape, on 27 October 1917. His mother, Julia, was the third wife of Mzimeni Tambo, son of a farmer and an assistant salesperson at a local trading store. His father had four wives and ten children and, although illiterate, lived comfortably. Mzimeni Tambo was a traditionalist, but also saw the importance of Western education. Later, Mzimeni converted to Christianity while Oliver's mother was already a devout Christian. After his birth, Oliver was christened Kaizana, after Kaizer Wilhelm of Germany, whose forces fought the British during World War 1. This was his father's way of showing opposition to the British colonisation of Pondoland in 1878.
As a young boy, he was given the task of herding his father's cattle. With his fellow herders, he soon learnt to hunt birds, take part in stick fighting (at which he was quite adept) and model animals from clay.
He codirected the feature documentary FRONTLINE (1976) along with René Vautier and co-produced by African National Congress (ANC).
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